PRESS NOTE 
 

ON

 

HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION OF VARIOUS GOODS AND SERVICES IN INDIA, 2004-05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION

 

MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

 

Dated the 10 Vaisakha, 1929 Saka

30th April, 2007

 

PRESS NOTE

 

Household Consumption of Various Goods and Services in India, 2004-05

 

Report No. 509 on “Household Consumption of Various Goods and Services in India, 2004-05” based on the seventh quinquennial survey on Household Consumer Expenditure carried out in the NSS 61st round (July, 2004-June, 2005) by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has been released. This is one of the reports in the series of seven reports to be brought out on the basis of the survey. The report is based on the commodity-specific data on household consumption for 142 items of food, 13 items of fuel, 27 items of clothing, bedding and footwear, 17 items of educational and medical expenses, 52 items of durable goods, and about 90 other items.

Like all regular NSS surveys, the present survey covered practically the whole of the Indian Union. All States and Union Territories were covered under the survey except some interior areas of Nagaland, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and Ladakh and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir. The survey was spread over 7999 villages and 4602 urban blocks covering 79298 rural and 45346 urban households respectively.

The present report gives the following estimates for each item of consumption listed in the schedule used for data collection:

a)      Monthly per capita household consumer expenditure on the item in 2004-05

b)      Proportions of households reporting consumption of the item during a 30-day period in 2004-05

In addition, the report gives estimates of proportions of households at different levels of living possessing the durable goods in 2004-05 (for 10 common household durable goods).

All the data are provided separately for rural and urban sectors of each State and Union Territory of India. For most of the items of food and clothing, estimates of quantity consumed as well as estimates of consumer expenditure are provided.

Some findings of the survey are highlighted below:

·        For the commonly consumed pulses – arhar, moong, masur and urad, the percentage of households reporting consumption has risen by 1 to 4 percentage points between 1993-94 and 2004-05. For split gram the percentage has risen by 8 points in both rural and urban areas.

·        Per capita consumption of edible oil has risen over the eleven years following 1993-94 by as much as 30% in rural India and about 18% in urban India. In both rural and urban India, per capita consumption of oil other than groundnut oil, mustard oil, vanaspati and coconut oil has more than doubled. Such oil would include sunflower oil, soyabean oil, other vegetable oil and rice bran oil.

·        The percentage of urban households using groundnut oil dropped in 2004-05 to 21%, one-half of what it was in 1993-94 (40%). Among rural households the percentage in 2004-05 fell to 14% from a 1993-94 level of 30%.

·        The proportion of households having at least one bidi smoker has declined by 26% in rural India and 35% in urban India between 1993-94 and 2004-05.

·        The proportion of households using LPG doubled in urban India from 29.5% in 1993-94 to 59% in 2004-05, and increased to about six-fold in rural India from about 2% to 11.7%.

·        Households using electricity formed about 54% of rural households in 2004-05 compared to 34% in 1993-94. In urban areas they formed 90% of households in 2004-05 compared to 74% in 1993-94.

·        Between 1993-94 and 2004-05, the proportion of households purchasing readymade garments during a 30-day period increased in both rural and urban areas by about 75%, while the proportion purchasing hosiery articles showed a three-fold increase.

·        The share in educational expenditure of “tuition and other fees”, its major component is on the rise.  Between 1999-2000 and 2004-05, this share rose in urban India from 45% to 57%, and from 29% in rural India, reached a level of 44%.

·        Medicine (non-institutional) formed as much as 63-64% of total medical expenditure in rural India and 56-57% in urban India in both 1999-2000 and 2004-05.

·        The percentage of households with TV sets increased since 1999-2000 by about 7 percentage points in both sectors to stand at 26% in the rural sector and 66% in the urban sector in 2004-05.

·        Refrigerators were used by 32% of urban households and 4% of rural households in 2004-05. In 1993-94, eleven years earlier, they had been found in 12% of urban households and 1% of rural households.

Quantity of monthly per capita consumption of some food and fuel items and value of monthly per capita consumption of some non-food items in 2004-05 at all India level is given in Annex-I and annex-II respectively.

 

This Report is also available on the web site (www.mospi.gov.in) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annex-I

 

Monthly per capita quantity of consumption of some food and fuel items in  2004-05

all-India

item

 

monthly per capita consumption  (qty.)

 

% of hhs reporting consumption in last 30 days

 

rural

urban

 

rural

urban

rice (kg)

 

6.38

4.71

 

85.3*

89.1*

wheat/ atta (kg)

 

4.19

4.36

 

63.5*

79.5*

arhar dal (kg)

 

0.21

0.30

 

56.8

71.1

moong dal (kg)

 

0.09

0.11

 

43.7

59.4

masur dal (kg)

 

0.11

0.09

 

37.9

37.1

milk: liquid (litre)

 

3.87

5.11

 

71.3

85.0

eggs (no.)

 

1.01

1.72

 

33.0

41.2

fish (kg)

 

0.20

0.21

 

34.2

27.8

goat meat/ mutton (kg)

 

0.05

0.07

 

17.9

25.2

chicken (kg)

 

0.05

0.09

 

19.6

27.8

groundnut oil (kg)

 

0.07

0.16

 

13.8

20.9

mustard oil (kg)

 

0.22

0.20

 

51.1

37.6

banana (no.)

 

2.37

4.14

 

48.5

68.6

coconut (no.)

 

0.35

0.47

 

27.9

33.9

apple (kg)

 

0.03

0.12

 

11.0

31.6

groundnut (kg)

 

0.05

0.08

 

21.2

31.2

potato (kg)

 

1.33

1.14

 

91.7

90.7

onion (kg)

 

0.56

0.72

 

96.5

92.6

brinjal (eggplant) (kg)

 

0.34

0.32

 

77.1

77.3

tomato (kg)

 

0.34

0.53

 

74.2

87.2

bidi (no.)

 

31.5

18.8

 

32.8

17.7

cigarettes (no.)

 

0.79

2.52

 

3.5

8.4

firewood and chips (kg)

 

21.44

6.29

 

86.4

30.7

LPG (kg)

 

0.22

1.60

 

11.7

58.9

electricity (kwh)

 

5.67

19.96

 

54.5

90.2

*percentages relate to non-PDS rice/wheat only

Per capita consumption estimates are calculated taking the entire rural or urban population as denominator.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annex-II

 

 Value of monthly per capita consumption of some non-food items in 2004-05

all-India

item

 

monthly per capita consumer exp. (Rs.)

 

% of hhs reporting  consumption in last 30 days

 

 

rural

urban

 

rural

urban

all consumption items

 

579.17*

1104.60*

 

-

-

telephone charges

 

5.54

37.80

 

31.7

63.3

petrol

 

5.41

31.30

 

7.3

26.4

taxi, auto-rickshaw fare

 

2.17

5.95

 

17.5

26.6

railway fare

 

0.77

5.09

 

3.0

9.3

toilet soap

 

5.22

8.12

 

96.2

98.8

washing soap/soda

 

6.82

10.39

 

98.2

98.0

tailor

 

2.05

2.92

 

9.1

8.3

cable TV connection

 

1.58

14.63

 

8.8

43.5

item

 

monthly per capita consumer exp. (Rs.)

 

% of hhs reporting  consumption in last 365 days

medicine (non-institutional)

 

22.77

32.30

 

60.8

62.1

tuition and other fees

 

7.90

42.37

 

41.3

52.5

pvt tutor, coaching centre

 

2.22

10.92

 

8.3

15.5

books, journals

 

3.56

8.22

 

45.7

54.3

readymade garments

 

6.84

14.84

 

76.1

83.7

*using a reference period (for data collection) of “last 30 days” for some items and “last 365 days” for others

Per capita consumption estimates are calculated taking the entire rural or urban population as denominator.