PRESS NOTE ON

 

Employment and Unemployment Situation in Cities and Towns in India, 2004-05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION

 

MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

 

Dated the 9 Chaitra, 1929 Saka

30th March, 2007

 

PRESS NOTE

 

Employment and Unemployment Situation in Cities and Towns in India, 2004-05

 

“Employment and Unemployment Situation in Cities and Towns in India, 2004 –2005”- Report No.520 based on the data of the seventh quinquennial survey of employment and unemployment in India carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, as part of the 61st round of the NSS, has been released. This report, sixth in the series of seven reports based on employment-unemployment data of the NSS 61st round, provides some broad features of employment and unemployment for each of class 1 cities (towns with population one million and above) and for the combined class 2 towns (towns with population of 50,000 to less than one million) and combined class 3 towns (towns with population less than 50,000). The size classes of towns used in the NSS 61st Round were based on Population Census, 2001.

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All States / Union Territories were covered by the survey except some interior areas of Nagaland, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and Ladakh and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir.  This survey was spread over a sample of 7999 villages and 4602 urban blocks covering 1,24,680 sample households (79306 in the rural areas and 45374 in the urban areas). The 4602 urban blocks surveyed covered 143643 persons of age 15 years and above in the sample households (males: 73336 and females:  70307). The distribution across class 1 cities, size class 2 towns and size class 3 towns among the persons surveyed was 21841, 67324 and 54478, respectively.

 

 

            Some of the important findings in respect of principal plus subsidiary status workers  of age 15 years and above are given below:

 

·        The proportion of usually employed males to total male population or worker population ratio (WPR) in class 1 cities and class 2 towns was 76 per cent each, while for class 3 towns it was 78 per cent. However, for females in the same age group WPR was: 20 per cent for class 1 cities, 22 per cent for class 2 towns and 28 per cent for class 3 towns.

 

·        The proportion of usually employed males to total male population increased by 1 percentage point for class 1 cities as well as size class 2 and 3 towns from 1999-2000 to 2004-05. However, during this period, for females increase was 2 percentage points in class 1 cities and 4 percentage points for both the size class 2 and 3 towns.

 

·        Among the class 1 cities, male WPR was the highest in Surat (88 per cent) and lowest in Patna (53 per cent), while for females WPR was the highest in Varanasi (41 per cent) and lowest in Patna (2 per cent).

 

·        In majority of the class 1 cities, the proportion of regular wage/salaried employees was higher than that of self-employed persons or casual labourers. However, for size class 2 and 3 towns, the proportion of self-employed persons was higher than that of regular wage/ salaried or casual labourers.

 

·        Between 1999-2000 and 2004-2005, in class 1 cities as a whole the unemployment rate in the usual status declined by 2 percentage points for both males and females: from 5 per cent to 3 per cent for males and from 6 per cent to 4 per cent for females.

 

 

This report also provides estimates for each of the State/Union Territory, separately for combined class 1 cities, size class 2 towns and size class 3 towns. For some of the small States/Union Territories the number of persons surveyed in size class 2 and 3 towns are rather low. The estimates for these States/Union Territories may be used with due caution. The proportion (per 1000) of usually employed persons (of age 15 years & above) according to usual statuses (ps+ss) for each size class of town is given in the Annex.

 

This Report is also available on the web site ( www.mospi.gov.in) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                        ANNEX

 

Proportion (per 1000) of usually employed persons (of age 15 years & above) according to usual status (ps+ss) for each size class of town during 2004-05

 

class 1 city/

size class of  town

male

female

person

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Class 1 cities

 

 

 

Agra

833

147

494

Ahmedabad

795

214

516

Bangalore

841

202

549

Bhopal

782

151

490

Chennai

749

168

471

Delhi

714

112

442

Faridabad

726

118

464

Howrah

779

158

469

Hyderabad

770

190

472

Indore

835

283

557

Jaipur

766

377

573

Kalyan-Dombivili

730

203

486

Kanpur

776

77

435

Kolkata

751

190

496

Lucknow

695

93

399

Ludhiana

834

128

528

Meerut

790

51

434

Mumbai

786

267

545

Nagpur

720

289

515

Nashik

610

187

411

Patna

528

18

313

Pimprichinchwad

774

212

525

Pune

712

291

512

Surat

876

182

591

Thane

736

223

499

Vadodara

717

197

447

Varanasi

860

411

667

all class 1 cities

762

198

498

size class 2 towns combined

756

218

498

size class 3 towns combined

777

276

530

Urban India

763

227

506

 

                        Note:

                                    Class 1 city: town with population one million and above

                                    Size class 2 town: town with population 50,000 to less than one million

                                    Size class 3 town: town with population less than 50,000